Sorghum (Sorghum spp.) is a genus of Poaceae native to the tropical and subtropical regions of East Africa. It is grown in Europe, America, Asia, and East Africa as a cereal for human and animal consumption. Sorghum is resistant to drought and to extremely high temperatures and is one of the most important crops in the world in semi-arid regions.

Sorghum has a C-4 metabolism plant physiology as Corn (Zea Mays), although with a more extensive and branched root system, reaching up to 12 dm deep. The stem is cylindrical, 1 to 3 m tall, making it one of the star crops for forage production in summer.